At the end of last month, the parties announced a ceasefire. A day after that, the UAE Foreign Minister flew to New Delhi, mediation became an essential factor in the negotiations, the agency writes.
The mediation of the United Arab Emirates was a milestone in the secret negotiations between India and Pakistan, which for the first time in almost 20 years agreed to a ceasefire, writes Bloomberg.
Indian and Pakistani military commanders have agreed to stop firing on the control line and strictly abide by all agreements effective February 25. The line of control is the demarcation line between India and Pakistan in Kashmir, the border between states.
About 24 hours after the ceasefire was declared, UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed arrived in New Delhi for a short one-day visit. He met with his Indian counterpart Subrahmanyam Jaishankar. According to the Indian authorities’ report, the parties “discussed all regional and international issues of common interest.”
In November, Jaishankar met with bin Zayed during a two-day visit to Abu Dhabi. The following month with Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmoud Qureshi. About two weeks before the February 25 announcement, the UAE Foreign Minister held a telephone conversation with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, “during which they discussed regional and international issues of interest,” the publication said.
Following the ceasefire, the UAE was one of the few countries to issue a statement welcoming the announcement, welcoming “the efforts being made by both countries to come to this agreement.”
The UAE’s mediation has played an essential role in the ceasefire between India and Pakistan. The agency writes, citing officials familiar with the situation. According to one of them, the ceasefire is only the beginning of a broader roadmap for lasting peace among neighbors. The next step in the process, the official said, includes the reinstatement of envoys in New Delhi and Islamabad. He said the parties could then begin negotiations on a resumption of trade and a long-term solution to the conflict over Kashmir.
The current negotiation process is the most concerted effort in recent years, the agency writes.
The Pakistani Foreign Ministry did not comment on the talks or the UAE’s role. In contrast, the Indian and UAE Foreign Ministries did not comment.
The territory of the former principality of Jammu and Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan. However, each side claims complete control over the region. A large number of Indian and Pakistani troops are concentrated on the contact line. Relations between India and Pakistan deteriorated further two years ago after a suicide attack in Kashmir killed 40 Indian soldiers, prompting the Modi government to authorize airstrikes against suspected terrorist targets in Pakistan.